Cognitive-Behavioral (CBT) and Dialectic Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
CBT involves a collaborative effort between therapist and client to identify negative thought patterns. Individuals are often able to quickly gain insight into the self-defeating thoughts that affect their daily lives. They learn to challenge these irrational thoughts and core beliefs and replace them with more realistic ones. Some of the typical irrational beliefs include: all-or-nothing thinking, jumping to conclusions and overgeneralizing. The tendency to perceive events in these ways contributes to emotional distress, anxiety and depression.
DBT is a cognitive-behavioral treatment approach that emphasizes the development of four skill sets: mindfulness, interpersonal effectiveness, emotion regulation and distress tolerance. This approach is very effective for children and adolescents as well as adults that have difficulty regulating their emotions and that suffer from anxiety and depression.